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Why Does My Cat Have Bad Breath? (Causes, Preventions & Remedies)

Table of content

It's all fun and games until you catch wind of your cat's foul breath. 

Feline halitosis is the medical term describing bad and offensive mouth smell. Often, bad breath in cats may also be accompanied by other symptoms, such as: 

  • Aggressiveness or irritability 
  • Excessive drooling
  • Sudden weight loss or loss of appetite 
  • Itching or pawing mouth 

If you find one or more of these symptoms in your cat, it means their bad breath is negatively impacting their quality of life. Therefore, promptly addressing the underlying cause of their bad breath is essential to prevent complications.

Why does your cat’s mouth stink?  

There's no one reason behind bad breath—it's multifactorial. Bad breath may stem from simple causes like poor oral hygiene to more severe conditions like systemic health complications. 

Here are the four common reasons behind the off-putting smell of cat breath:

Oral hygiene & brushing technique 

Not brushing your cat's teeth is most definitely the largest contributor to bad breath. Bacteria found on cat teeth and gums help break down leftover food particles. However, they are rapidly growing and odour-producing bacteria. 

When your cat's teeth aren't brushed regularly, these bacteria will grow in abundance and result in plaque build-up and bad breath. Henceforth, regular teeth brushing helps remove stains, prevent plaque build-up or periodontal diseases, and result in fresher breath.

Dietary intake 

The mouth is essentially a food passage. More than often, food and treats consumed by your cat may get stuck between the teeth or mouth pocket. Moreover, your kitty may have also exposed their teeth to foreign objects like bugs, dust, or other inedible objects throughout the day. 

As a result, their breath could have turned unpleasant. Luckily, you can quickly solve it by brushing your cat's teeth well to break down leftover food particles. You should also gently open your cat's mouth to have a good look inside and spot any stuck food or non-food items. This will also help to prevent any secondary infections from happening. 

There are various types of cat foods available in Malaysia. Your choice of cat food may also cause halitosis. For instance, if your cat savours on fish-flavoured treats, it's likely for its burp to smell fishy. Therefore, the concern here may be the smelly burp instead of a bad breath.

Try experimenting with different cat food flavours and take note of your cat's breath to identify any correlations.

Dental diseases 

It's estimated that more than 50% of cats older than three years of age suffer from some dental disease. Though not all dental conditions cause halitosis, some do. Infection is the most common dental disease-causing bad breath. When left untreated, the infection progresses into inflammatory diseases such as: 

  • Gingivitis: inflammation of gums secondary to bacterial plaque development 
  • Periodontitis: severe gum inflammation due to untreated gingivitis  
  • Mouth ulcer: open sore on the mouth from viral infections 
  • Tooth or gum abscess: painful swelling with pus formation  

So how do you know if my cat has a mouth infection? The primary symptoms of mouth infection are bad breath, fever, loss of appetite, and unusual lethargy. If you notice these symptoms on your feline friend, bring them to any local Malaysian veterinarian clinic for further assessment and diagnosis. 

Systemic health conditions 

Sometimes bad breath may indicate a more severe and insidious systemic health condition. The best way to identify the underlying problem is to take a closer sniff of your cat's breath and confirm its smell. This is because different smells may be linked to different types of systemic diseases.

Firstly, a sweet breath smell is a sign of diabetes. If this is the case for your cat, look out for other symptoms of feline diabetes, such as frequent urination, increased thirst, and change in body weight.  

Furthermore, a pungent urine-line breath smell is an indicator of kidney disease. The smell is likely from ammonia, a chemical substance that's insufficiently excreted due to poor kidney function. In cases as such, your cat may also exhibit symptoms like discoloured eyes, vomiting, and loss of appetite. 

Finally, a faecal-smelling breath may be correlated to gastrointestinal problems or obstructions. This condition could be accompanied by vomiting and abdominal pain. If you notice any of these smells in your cat's breath, consult a veterinarian immediately for diagnostic tests.

How can you get rid of your cat’s bad breath? 

Perform thorough mouth cleaning 

Existing plaque build-up and tartar formation are some of the causes of bad breath. That being the case, thoroughly cleaning your cat's teeth helps restore oral hygiene and treat halitosis. 

Many grooming centres in Malaysia provide mouth cleaning services, where a professional will clean your cat with appropriate products and equipment. Alternatively, you can also clean your cat's mouth at home with specifically formulated dental gels, toothpaste, and a proper toothbrush. 

Consult a veterinarian

If the case of bad breath in your cat seems concerning, the best option is to go to a veterinary clinic as soon as possible. This allows veterinarians to run a thorough check-up and treat your cat as necessary. 

Routine dental examinations are recommended at least twice a year to treat and prevent halitosis occurrence. These visits let veterinarians follow up with your cat periodically and spot any abnormalities at an early stage. Moreover, it also provides you with an opportunity to clarify any doubts you have about the well-being of your feline friend. 

How can you prevent cat bad breath? 

Brush your cat’s teeth regularly  

You may be wondering, “Should I clean my cat’s teeth?” Well, the answer is yes! It's recommended that you brush your feline's teeth at least three times a week for optimal care. If your cat is not used to brushing, you need to provide stepwise training for your cat to get familiar with brushing. 

Firstly, start using a wet cotton bud to rub the teeth surfaces gently. Once your cat is comfortable, you can begin using toothbrushes specifically designed for cats. Also, make sure you're using pet toothpaste for your cat, as regular human toothpaste is unsafe for cats. Avoid making your cat gargle on Listerine or water, as it increases the risk of choking. 

Modify your cat’s diet

While changing your cat's food may prevent halitosis, it's essential to remember that your cat still has to be adequately nourished. Consider giving your cat treats or chewable that are clinically proven to fight-off plaque and keep a fresh breath.

You can also talk with your cat's veterinarian to get recommendations on a suitable cat diet to prevent halitosis.   

Conclusion

It's not a good feeling to have your cat's breath stink. Nonetheless, you can easily solve bad cat breath in most cases. Be patient and trust in the process of treating halitosis. A neutral-smelling cat breath reflects a healthy mouth and a healthy cat—so always aim for it!

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📚 Guide
- read

Panduan Vaksin Kucing: Apa Yang Anda Perlu Tahu

Tidak kira sama ada kucing anda tinggal di dalam atau luar rumah, mereka tetap terdedah kepada pelbagai risiko penyakit  kucing yang boleh membawa maut. Malang tidak berbau, namun salah satu cara terbaik untuk melindungi mereka daripada jangkitan ini adalah mendapatkan vaksin bagi kucing anda sejak dari awal lagi. Oyen tahu, sebagai pemilik kucing yang bertanggungjawab, pastinya anda mencari panduan vaksin kucing yang terbaik. Dalam artikel ini, Oyen akan kongsikan kepada anda segalanya yang anda perlu tahu tentang vaksin kucing ini. Jom kita bermula!

Apa itu maksud vaksin kucing

Secara ringkasnya, vaksin merupakan virus yang telah dilemahkan. Ia akan disuntik ke dalam badan kucing ini bagi membantu badan dapat melawan serangan penyakit di masa akan datang. Sekiranya kucing anda terdedah kepada penyakit ini di masa akan datang, sekurang-kurangnya mereka sudah mempunyai antibodi badan yang mampu melawan jangkitan penyakit ini.

Penyakit Yang Dapat Dicegah Melalui Vaksin

Walaupun vaksin tidak menjamin sepenuhnya kucing anda tidak akan dijangkiti penyakit, namun ia dapat mencegah beberapa penyakit yang boleh membawa maut. Berikut merupakan beberapa penyakit yang boleh dicegah dengan pengambilan vaksin ini:

  • Fip kucing
  • Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (Herpesvirus)
  • Feline panleukopenia (FPL)
  • Rabies
  • Calicivirus

Kebaikan vaksin kucing

Jika anda masih ragu sama ada kucing anda perlu divaksin atau tidak, jom Oyen kongsikan lagi kepada anda manfaat vaksin kucing ini seperti berikut:

  1. Menaikkan tahap imuniti badan kucing

Setelah berhenti menyusu dengan ibu kucing, semakin lama, tahap imuniti badan anak kucing akan makin berkurangan. Dengan bantuan vaksin sejak usia mereka 2 bulan, ini akan membantu membina semula imuniti di dalam badan anak kucing.

  1. Melindungi anda daripada kos rawatan yang tinggi sekiranya dijangkiti

Tidak dinafikan lagi, apabila kucing anda sakit  atau tua, mereka akan lebih mudah terdedah dengan risiko untuk dijangkiti penyakit berbahaya, ia pastinya akan menelan belanja dan kos rawatan yang mahal. Dengan melakukan langkah pencegahan dengan memberi vaksin kepada kucing anda sejak awal lagi, ia sekurang-kurangnya mampu mengurangkan risiko jangkitan penyakit ini.

3. Memberi perlindungan kepada pemilik kucing

Tahukah anda, terdapat penyakit yang boleh menjangkiti manusia yang boleh berpunca daripada kucing yang dijangkiti seperti Rabies? Dengan memberikan vaksin kepada kucing anda, ia akan mencegah jangkitan penyakit ini dan secara tidak langsung memberikan perlindungan kepada pemilik kucing itu sendiri.

Kenapa perlu vaksin untuk mandul kucing

Sebenarnya, sebelum anda memandulkan kucing kesayangan, mereka digalakkan mendapatkan vaksin secara lengkap terlebih dahulu. Berikut merupakan beberapa sebab mengapa perkara ini perlu dilakukan:

  • Semasa prosedur pemandulan dilakukan, kucing yang tidak divaksin akan lebih mudah terdedah dengan risiko jangkitan selepas pembedahan
  • Mudah terdedah kepada jangkitan penyakit lain yang mudah merebak seperti Parvovirus, FIV dan banyak lagi

Umur kucing vaksin

Secara umumnya, umur yang sesuai bagi kucing anda untuk menerima suntikan pertama ialah bermula umur 2 bulan bagi anak kucing. Suntikan vaksin ini akan diberikan sehingga anak kucing berusia 4 bulan. Setelah mencecah umur setahun atau mencapai umur kucing dewasa, vaksin akan diberikan secara tahunan atau 3 tahun sekali.
Bagaimana pula sekiranya anda membela kucing yang sudah dewasa atau tua? Cara yang terbaik ialah pergi ke veterinar dan membuat pemeriksaan. Kebiasaannya, pihak veterinar akan menasihatkan program vaksinasi lengkap yang akan diberikan secara temujanji mengikut kesesuaian.

Jenis vaksin kucing

Secara ringkasnya, vaksin terbahagi kepada dua kategori iaitu:

Vaksin asas (core vaccines)

Vaksin asas merupakan vaksin yang direkomenkan bagi semua kucing bagi melindungi mereka daripada penyakit yang berbahaya dan boleh membawa maut. Malah, vaksin asas ini juga akan melindungi pemilik kucing daripada penyakit berjangkit yang boleh menjangkiti manusia.
Biasanya, terdapat 4 jenis vaksin kucing dalam kategori ini seperti berikut:

1.Feline Panleucopaenia (FPL)

Salah satu vaksin yang popular ialah FPL bagi mencegah virus parvo. Biasanya, penyakit ini akan lebih mudah menjangkiti kucing yang tidak divaksin. Bukan itu sahaja, penyakit ini lebih mudah menyerang anak kucing yang masih muda. 
Sekiranya kucing anda sudah dijangkiti virus parvo ini,  rawatan yang diperlukan boleh mencecah ribuan ringgit.Malah, penyakit ini mudah berjangkit sesama kucing sekiranya anda membela dalam jumlah yang ramai.

Jadi, dapatkan pencegahan lebih awal bagi penyakit ini dengan mendapatkan vaksin parvo kucing ini bagi semua kucing anda.

2. Feline Calicivirus (FCV)

Seterusnya, vaksin bagi penyakit Feline Calicvirus (FCV) diperlukan bagi mencegah penyakit yang mencegah saluran pernafasan kucing. Jika dibiarkan, ia boleh menyebabkan penyakit pernafasan yang teruk kepada kucing.
Walaupun kucing anda boleh sembuh daripada virus ini, namun ia masih boleh menjadi penyebar virus ini dan menjangkiti kucing yang lain di rumah. 

3. Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR)

Selain itu, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) merupakan penyakit kucing yang sangat mudah berjangkit melalui air liur atau discaj daripada mata atau hidung. Malah, virus ini juga boleh menjangkiti kucing pada semua usia tidak kira muda atau tua.
Dengan mendapatkan vaksin ini, ia bukanlah termasuk kucing anda akan terselamat daripada jangkitan ini, namun ia boleh mengurangkan komplikasi penyakit ini serta memendekkan masa serangan jangkitan ini.

4. Rabies

Akhir sekali, penyakit Rabies bukan lagi penyakit yang diketahui boleh menjangkiti manusia. Ia boleh tersebar dengan gigitan oleh kucing yang dijangkiti virus ini atau luka terbuka yang terkena air liur kucing yang dijangkiti virus ini.
Apa yang menakutkan, virus Rabies ini boleh menyerang sistem saraf manusia sehingga menyebabkan kekeliruan dan perubahan sikap. Jadi, jangan ambil mudah kepentingan mendapatkan vaksin Rabies ini bagi kucing anda.

Vaksin bukan asas ( Non core- vaccines)

Selain itu, terdapat beberapa jenis vaksin lain yang juga digalakkan untuk diberi kepada kucing anda. Walaupun ia hanya sekadar pilihan dan juga diberikan bergantung kepada gaya hidup kucing anda, ia juga tidak kurang pentingnya.
Dapatkan nasihat pihak veterinar anda tentang pilihan vaksin terbaik yang boleh diberikan kepada kucing anda. Berikut merupakan pilihan beberapa jenis vaksin yang ada:

  • FeLV 
  • Chlamydia felis
  • Bordetella 

Jadual vaksin kucing

Seterusnya, pastinya persoalan  seperti vaksin kucing umur berapa yang sesuai diberikan atau bagi vaksin kucing berapa kali ia perlu diberikan buat anda tertanya-tanya. Jangan bimbang, teruskan membaca dan Oyen akan kongsikan segala info yang anda perlu tahu:

©DogtorTeoh

Bagi klinik veterinar di Malaysia, biasanya jadual vaksin anak kucing akan diberikan seperti berikut:

  • Pada minggu ke-8 usia kucing
  • Pada minggu ke-12 usia kucing
  • Pada minggu usia ke-16 kucing

Bagi kucing yang berusia 16 minggu ke atas yang tidak diketahui sejarah vaksinasi, 2 kali suntikan vaksinasi akan diberikan dengan jarak masa antara 3-4 minggu

Syarat vaksin kucing

Sebelum anda membawa kucing bagi mendapatkan vaksin kucing, biasanya terdapat beberapa syarat yang dikenakan bagi mengelakkan sebarang masalah dan komplikasi iaitu:

  • Perlu berumur dua bulan ke atas
  • Sihat dan tidak demam sewaktu mengambil suntikan
  • Mempunyai berat badan yang mencukupi 

Kesan sampingan vaksin kucing

Sama seperti manusia sewaktu menerima vaksin, kucing anda boleh mengalami sebarang kesan sampingan atau tidak. Walaupun begitu, biasanya sebarang kesan sampingan ini tidak serius dan hanya buat tempoh masa yang pendek. 
Berikut merupakan beberapa kesan sampingan yang mungkin dialami oleh kucing anda setelah menerima vaksin:

  • Cirit-birit 
  • Muntah
  • Hilang selera makan
  • Bengkak pada tempat suntikan
  • Demam

Sekiranya tanda atau simptom ini semakin teruk, hubungi pihak veterinar anda bagi mendapatkan rawatan lanjut.

Kos vaksin kucing

Sebenarnya, harga vaksin kucing akan bergantung kepada harga semasa. Anda juga boleh memilih untuk mendapatkan vaksinasi di pihak veterinar kerajaan atau swasta. Secara puratanya, bagi perkhidmatan klinik swasta anda mungkin akan dikenakan caj sebanyak RM 40 - RM 80 bagi proses vaksinasi ini.

Pantang selepas vaksin

Selepas vaksin, apa yang perlu anda lakukan? Sebenarnya, tidak ada pantang selepas vaksin yang spesifik perlu diberikan, Namun, anda boleh melakukan beberapa langkah penjagaan seperti berikut:

  • Tempat suntikan mungkin akan menjadi sedikit sakit atau bengkak. Berikan masa untuk mereka berehat
  • Sediakan tempat yang selesa untuk mereka berehat serta makanan dan minuman yang cukup

Perhatikan tanda-tanda sekiranya kucing anda alergik terhadap vaksin

Sebenarnya, walaupun jarang berlaku, seperti manusia, kucing anda boleh mengalami alahan atau kesan alergik terhadap vaksin. Kucing anda akan menunjukkan tanda seperti berikut:

  • Kucing kerap bersin
  • Lihat sebarang tanda-tanda seperti lemah badan, cirit-birit atau muntah. Sekiranya ia berlarutan melebihi 24 jam, segera hubungi klinik veterinar anda bagi mendapatkan rawatan lanjut.

Imuniti selepas vaksin

Berapa hari selepas vaksin untuk dapat tindakbalas? Jawapannya, ia bergantung kepada jenis vaksin yang diberikan. Contohnya, bagi vaksin untuk panleukopenia sistem pertahanan kucing akan membina imuniti sepenuhnya dalam masa tiga hari.
Bagi mendapatkan jawapan yang lebih tepat, anda perlu merujuk kembali kepada jenis vaksin yang diberikan dan tahap kesihatan kucing itu sendiri.
Akhir sekali, jangan lupa untuk mendapatkan vaksin tahunan kucing atau vaksin booster sekiranya perlu. Ia boleh membantu mengekalkan kesihatan dan keberkesanan vaksin ini bagi kucing anda. 
Sekiranya anda masih mencari klinik veterinar berdekatan untuk mendapatkan vaksin bagi kucing kesayangan anda, dapatkan senarai klinik veterinar yang anda boleh kunjungi di sini!
Oyen juga ucapkan terima kasih kepada anda kerana telah menjadi pemilik yang bukan sahaja penyayang, tetapi bertanggungjawab kerana komited dan bersetuju memberikan vaksin kucing ini kepada si comel yang tersayang!
Tahukah anda, Oyen juga menawarkan Oyen Preventive Care Plan yang merangkumi pelan vaksinasi, ubat cacing dan juga rawatan rutin. 
Dengan mendapatkan pelan ini, ia akan membantu kucing anda menjalani kualiti hidup yang lebih baik dan pada masa yang sama mampu menjimatkan kos bagi anda sebagai pemilik!
Bukan itu sahaja, kami turut menawarkan Oyen Pet Insurance, yang akan melindungi segala kos rawatan dan surgeri sehingga RM8,000. 
Anda sudah tidak perlu lagi bimbang memikirkan kos rawatan yang perlu dihabiskan bagi si comel ini.
Semak kelayakan di sini.

📚 Guide
- read

Pet Insurance: Is It Worth it?

Although pets do not have the same needs as people, as a pet parent, you want to ensure that your pets receive the same love and care as any other family member. However, even though you already cover the basic needs by taking your pet to the veterinarian for an annual checkup, there’s a high chance your beloved cat or dog to fall ill or get into an accident one day. 

You've probably heard that pet insurance can assist ease the financial load that might otherwise befall you in such scenarios. But is it worthwhile to purchase pet insurance? Before we get started on five main key points of why you need pet insurance, let’s get to know about common cat and dog injuries or diseases.

Top 5 Dog and Cat Injuries

The following are some of the most prevalent pet injuries to be aware of:

  1. Abscesses, Bites, and Punctures

Puncture and biting wounds in cats and dogs can also result in abscesses. Running into a broken stick or branch, treading on sharp items like a nail, and fighting with other animals can all result in puncture wounds. If, for whatever reason, there is a deep puncture in your pet's belly or chest, consider it a medical emergency that requires quick care.

  1. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Feline immunodeficiency virus, often known as cat FIV, is a retrovirus infection that was initially detected in cats in the United States. Because it has a similar impact on cats, the virus is sometimes known as cat HIV or cat AIDS. FIV-positive cats may carry the virus in their system for years before symptoms appear.

  1. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

With CKD, pets gradually lose kidney function over time. It can be caused by a variety of disorders that damage one or more renal processes. Acute kidney damage, on the other hand, has a quick start and can be caused by particular events or illnesses such as urinary tract obstruction, shock, congestive heart failure, bacterial infection, poisoning, Lyme disease, and leptospirosis. However, acute renal damage can lead to CKD.

  1. Diabetic

Diabetes in dogs and cats can arise at any age. Diabetic dogs, on the other hand, are typically between the ages of 4 and 14, with the majority being diagnosed between the ages of 7 and 10. The majority of diabetic cats are older than 6 years old. Diabetes affects female dogs twice as commonly as a male dogs.

  1. Skin Disease

There are several frequent indicators of skin disorders in dogs. These include extreme itching, scratching, or licking of the skin. You may also notice regions of hair loss, coat thinning, red or inflammatory skin, or the formation of pustules, ulcers, or scabby skin.

How Much Do Veterinary Services Cost in Malaysia?

The prices of veterinary treatments vary substantially across hospitals and clinics. This is because prices are determined by the type of animal, the vet clinic itself, the equipment used, treatment plans, equipment used, and the veterinarian's experience.
Here's a fair idea of what to expect for your trip to the vet:

However, the cost of surgery can vary a huge amount depending on what type of surgery your cat is getting, how old is your cat, and even where your vet is located. A spay or neuter procedure can cost from RM90-RM200, depending on a wide range of factors. A dental extraction may cost you up to RM400. Here’s a view of what kind of medical procedure and its costs:

Here’s Why You Need Pet Insurance

Choosing whether or not to acquire pet insurance is a major choice. We hope this overview will help you in determining the best course of action for you.

Unplanned Vet Visits Cost

Veterinary care can be expensive, and if present trends continue, it will become considerably more expensive so in the coming years.
Because no one likes to think about their dogs becoming ill or being involved in an accident, we sometimes fail to plan for those costly medical expenditures. However, the best approach to offer long-term care for your pet and lessen your own concern over hefty medical expenditures is to plan ahead of time.

Peace of Mind

Having pet insurance enables you to select the finest medically appropriate treatments for your sick pet without being constrained by your financial situation. After deductibles, most pet insurance policies cover up to 80% of expenditures.

Freedom of Choosing The Veterinarian

Pet insurance policy allows you to receive care from the veterinarian of your choice, unlike human health insurance policies that may force you to choose a certain healthcare practitioner. You need just submit the veterinary bill to the insurance provider to be reimbursed for eligible costs.

Saving Your Emergency Fund

While an unforeseen illness can lead to mental anguish and stress, there is another side to dealing with health conditions that can leave you drained – the expenses. By buying a suitable pet insurance policy, you can better manage your medical expenditure without dipping into your savings. Your savings can be used for their intended plans, such as buying a home, your child's education, and retirement. 

Conclusion

If you have pet insurance, you may rest easy knowing that in case your dog or cat becomes sick or hurt, you will be financially covered. Without pet insurance, you run the danger of being struck with a hefty payment in the unfortunate event of the worst-case scenario due to the unpredictable expenses of veterinary appointments.

We hope this article has helped you discover some treats for your furry friend! The Oyen Pet Insurance covers everything from injuries or medical emergencies to accidental property damages. Get in touch with us today to discuss suitable insurance plans for your pet.

📚 Guide
- read

All you need to know about flying with your pet | Pet-friendly airline Malaysia

Thinking of traveling the world with your furbabies? Here’s what you need to do and prepare to travel with Malaysia Airlines – a pet-friendly airline. 

Pet Policy for Malaysia Airlines

Before flying, here are the rules and regulations that paw parents need to abide by.

  1. What kinds of transportation does Malaysia Airlines offer?

In a temperature- and pressure-controlled compartment of your flight as checked luggage.

  1. Can I check my pet in as checked baggage?

Pets that match the requirements below are allowed to travel as checked baggage:

  • There can only be domesticated animals, like cats, dogs, and fish.
  • The crate must meet all requirements 
  • Documents needed to travel to your destination
  1. What are the costs involved with transporting pets?

Fees are depending on weight and are comparable to excess baggage fees. Rates and tariffs for the import and export of animals are as below: 

 For further information, you may get in touch with Malaysia Airlines directly.

  1. What specifications apply to the crate?

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) and Malaysia Airlines demand that the crate meet the following criteria in addition to the size and weight limits:

  • Your pets must be able to stand, turn around, and lay comfortably inside the pet crate. For most airlines that allow brachycephalic breeds (snub-nosed dogs) to fly in cargo, they will need a size larger than usual. 
  • Fiberglass, metal, stiff plastics, welded metal mesh, solid wood, or plywood must be used to make the crate (note that not all airlines will accept crates made of wood, e.g. Air France and KLM)
  • On the long side of the crate, there must be handles or space bars for handling.
  • The door of the container must have a reliable, spring-loaded locking system that extends at least 1.6 cm (5/8 in) over the door's horizontal extrusions above and below. A pet cannot bend doors; they must be made of hard plastic, a metal that has been cast or welded, or both. To prevent your pet from suffering any harm, the door needs to be paw- and nose-proof.
  • Bowls for food and water both need to be fastened to the inside of the front door and refilled from the outside of the crate without opening the entrance. Filling water bowls is made simpler for airport personnel by little funnels that are cable-tied to the entrance. Food can be placed in a plastic bag and attached to the crate's top.
  • A minimum of two sides (domestic flights) and a maximum of four sides of the container must be ventilated (international flights). The apertures must be at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter and spaced 4 inches (10 cm) apart from center to center over the upper two-thirds of the opposing end and the remaining two sides.
  • The container must have directional stickers and LIVE ANIMAL STICKERS written on the top and sides in letters that are at least one inch tall. 
  • The name of the pet and the owner's contact information must be written on the container. The most effective way to do this is to use duct tape or other strong tapes to secure your pet's information to the outside of the crate.
  1. What documents are needed?
  • Medical Certificate
  1. All pets entering or departing Malaysia must have an original certificate from a private or government veterinarian confirming that "the pet is healthy and free from any contagious or infectious disease at the time of inspection." You should be aware that certification is only valid for seven days.
  • Import Permit
  1. Obtained from the Malaysian Department of Veterinary Services, and faxed over to the country of origin
  • Export Permit
  1. Obtained from the country of origin
  1. Pet Quarantine

If you are traveling to Malaysia, the government requires the pet to be quarantined. Unless your pet is traveling from Ireland, Brunei Darussalam, Japan, Singapore, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom, dogs and cats must stay in quarantine for at least seven days.
If no signs of illness are identified, your pet will be released from confinement. The quarantine period may be extended to six months if needed. Do take note that arrangements for quarantine must be made in advance.

  1. What are the breed restrictions?

The following pets will not be transported: 

  • Affenpinscher 
  • Akita
  • American Bulldog
  • Bordeaux Mastiff
  • Boston Terrier
  • Boxer
  • Brussels Griffon 
  • Bulldog 
  • Bull Mastiff 
  • Cane Corso 
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel 
  • Chihuahua 
  • Chow Chow 
  • Dogo Argentino 
  • English Mastiff
  • English Toy Spaniel 
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • French Bulldog
  • Japanese Chin
  • Lhasa Apso
  • Mastiff
  • Pekinese 
  • Pit Bull
  • Presa Canario 
  • Pug 
  • Shih Tzu
  • Spaniels 
  • Terriers 
  • Tosa

Pet Passport

Image from: Mingguan Wanita

Introduced in 2010, a pet passport is a small booklet that contains all the paperwork needed to bring a pet into Malaysia and back out again. This paperwork must be presented to customs officers in order for them to clear your pet when you travel. A pet passport essentially serves as proof that your pet is in good enough health to travel. 
With a Pet Passport for Malaysia, your pet won't often have to endure a protracted quarantine period. In general, the Director General of Veterinary Services or the Director of the State Veterinary Department will issue your pet with a microchip, rabies vaccination, parasite treatment, health certificate, and import license.
Learn more about pet passport guide here.

What To Prepare Before Flying?

Image from: Nerd Wallet

Traveling may be both enjoyable and stressful. Even for something as peaceful as a vacation, there is a lot to prepare and plan ahead of time. The pressure is even higher when you are traveling with your pet. It's more complicated than just packing an additional bag to fly with a pet. Prior to arriving at the airport, you need to make special preparations for a flight involving animals. It could cause a lot of worry for both you and your pet.
You can perform as much research as possible ahead of time so that you can feel comfortable that everything is in order. Here’s what you should know about traveling with your furry babies. 

  1. Schedule a visit to your vet

When traveling with a pet, the first thing to do is make a vet appointment. You should make sure your pet is healthy enough to fly. Make a second appointment not far from your departure date if your veterinarian gives you the all-clear to go. 
To find out what paperwork you'll need, consult the airline and state veterinarian where you're going. Airlines frequently demand a health certificate that was issued at most 10 days prior to your journey.
Planning your vet visits well in advance of your travel will help ensure that the necessary documentation and immunizations are completed, which may need many trips.
Immunizations, Certificates, and Tests: Some nations may need bloodwork, rabies certificates, and particular vaccinations up to 6 months before departure. Because authorities may need to quarantine your pet upon arrival, breaking these guidelines could result in separation from your pet in your destination country.
Medicine and flea prevention: If your pet has to be on any medication, special food, or flea and tick prevention, be sure to receive enough from your veterinarian to last the duration of the trip and a few weeks after.
Stress Reduction: In addition to any necessary blood tests, vaccines, medications, and paperwork, your veterinarian can also provide you with information on therapies that may lessen the stress of traveling with your pet. For instance, having your pet's microchip implanted may allay worries about leaving home and losing your pet. If your pet is prone to anxiety, it may also be a good idea to consult your veterinarian about sedative options during the journey.
Learn more about microchipping here.

  1. Book in advance

Booking early will ensure that you receive the trip of your choice because airlines only allow a certain number of dogs per flight. Make your bookings well in advance, especially if you plan to travel overseas or with your pet in cargo since the necessary preparations might take months.

  1. Rehearse with your pet

If your pet has never traveled a large distance, start off by taking them on small drives and gradually extending the distance. To help them get acclimated to it more quickly, make sure to always put them in their carrier. Take them for a stroll around the airport to familiarise them with the sights, sounds, and scents of the airport. Reward your pet for good conduct and speak to them in a soothing manner.

  1. Buy the right crate

Make sure the shipping crate you purchase for your pet has IATA approval. Your pet should be able to sit, stand, and turn around comfortably in any crate or carrier. It must be stable enough to stay put as the car or plane accelerates or decelerates.

  1. Make the crate comfy

Flying can be unpleasant for your pet due to crowded airports, pressurized planes, and unexpected noises. What can you do is provide some of your pet's favorite items, such as a blanket, a cherished toy, a miniature bed or pillow, and a shirt bearing your smell, to help him unwind. Additionally, make the carrier look as lovely as you can before you depart. Many animals flee and hide when they see their carrier emerge. Pawrents must make them feel at ease and encourage them to view it as a small getaway where they may unwind.

Learn about the pet policy of your airline

Image from: Daily Paws

The different airlines have different pet policies. Hence, it is very crucial for pawrents who wish to fly with their pets to study and learn about pet policy for the chosen airline. 
The majority of airlines have separate websites that outline their pet regulations and how to book an in-cabin or cargo shipment. Here are some links to pages with particular airline information about taking dogs along for the ride:

Is Pet Insurance required for traveling?

Image from: Somerset County Gazette

Pet insurance is not required if you wish to travel with your pet. However, at Oyen Pet Insurance, we'll provide your pet with a complimentary microchip service if you purchase our Dog Plus or Dog Champion insurance plan. As the microchipping of your pet is a necessity for the application, this can be useful to you as you go through the process of applying for a pet passport.

📚 Guide
- read

Having a furbaby can be a joyful thing. But just like humans, they require additional care and attention, especially when they are carrying a litter of their mini versions. Before we all freak out, let’s just go through this article to make sure you do the right thing for your soon-to-be-mamas.

At what age can a dog get pregnant? Before the first heat?

Female canines can get pregnant as soon as they have their first heat cycle. Their first heat cycle could begin as young as 6 months to 1 year. However, a very important thing to note, they are still not considered adults during their first heat. Because of this, oftentimes dog mamas who gave birth during their first heat cycle might have a really difficult motherhood experience. 

How long are dogs pregnant?

On average, pregnancy in dogs will take around 9 weeks, approximately 63-65 days. Their pregnancies are usually divided into 3 trimesters. 

First Trimester

During the first trimester, there are not many changes, except she might gain a few kilos.

Second Trimester

This is the time when your dog will look pregnant. Her mammary glands will swell and her belly will grow bigger.

Third Trimester

During the last trimester, this is the time when you can bring your dog to the vet for an X-ray of the puppies. You will also know how many puppies and if the delivery will be a smooth process.

How do I know my dog is pregnant?

During the early stage of your dog’s pregnancy, you might not notice a lot of changes. However, gradually, you will notice that the dog mama is starting to gain weight and her mammary glands are becoming more prominent. They might seem tired, eat lesser than usual, and even vomit. Those symptoms could also be present in dogs with normal hormonal changes. 

Ultrasound and Abdominal X-Rays

So, to make sure that your dog is indeed pregnant, you can bring her to a dog pregnancy ultrasound. This should be done around day 25-28 of the pregnancy. Abdominal X-Rays can be done on the 45th day.

How to stop my dog from getting pregnant?

I am going to be straightforward. There is no other way to prevent pregnancies in your furry friends other than spaying or neutering them. Multiple pregnancies can take a toll on your dog’s body and the costs will build up.
Small-breed dogs can be spayed at a younger age because they tend to go into heat earlier than larger-breed canines.

Can dogs be spayed while pregnant?

This is a very common question and oftentimes, we get very different answers. The answer is YES, you can spay your dog if she is pregnant.
How does this work? Well, usually the vets will perform the procedure and terminate the pregnancy entirely. The procedure involves the complete removal of their ovaries and uterus, which means there won’t be a place for the pups to grow.
You will probably think that this must be a really difficult surgery. Surprisingly, it is not. If there are no complications, your dog will have a speedy and successful recovery.

Dietary needs for a pregnant dog 

Just like humans, pregnant doggo mamas need more food during pregnancy. They should be fed a high-calorie, commercial diet labelled for pregnancy and lactation. For those pet owners who like to feed raw diets, please do not feed your pregnant dog raw diets. This is because raw diets have a high probability of infections that could cause abortion.

Can I feed my pregnant dog bananas?

Yes, you absolutely can! Bananas are a great source of essential vitamins and nutrients for your dog. They are packed with fibre and are low in cholesterol, which is always better than the usually packaged treats that might contain a high level of fats and preservatives. 

Supplements/vitamins for pregnant dogs

Feeding your pregnant dogs high-quality food is definitely something you should do. However, if you want to give her more love and care, you should consider giving the soon-to-be-mamas supplements or vitamins
You could choose supplements that contain a lot of different ranges of probiotics, antioxidants, fish oil and vitamins/minerals. Other than that, look out for supplements with folic acid, iodine, iron and vitamins A, D, E, K, C and B. 
Though it is recommended to give them supplements, do not ever over-supplement! Always, always check with your vet first before giving them anything.

Things to take note of if your dog is pregnant

1. Vaginal Discharge

Small amounts of vaginal discharge for up to 8 weeks after the puppies are born is actually normal. This discharge contains old blood, so it is usually reddish-black in colour. However, the issue arises if the discharge is overly bloody, looks like pus or smells bad. If you notice this, please bring your dog to the vet immediately for a checkup so it can get treated accordingly.

2. Metritis

Metritis or inflamed uterus happens when the placenta is left in the body after birth or there was trauma during delivery. Some of the common symptoms are lack of appetite, lack of interest in the puppies, fever, and odorous vaginal discharge.

3. Eclampsia

This complication usually happens during whelping and a few weeks after giving birth. One of the major reasons is that the mothers’ bodies are unable to keep up with the calcium demand of lactation. Hence they will show abnormal mothering behaviors, restlessness, stiff gait and muscle spasms. The biggest takeaway is to NEVER supplement calcium to your dog during pregnancy because this will cause your dog to suffer from this complication. 

Pregnancy might be complex but it does not have to be difficult. Always check with your vet so you can help your dog to have a smooth pregnancy.

While taking care of your dog, why don't you let us take care of your vet bills? Check out Oyen’s insurance today and I promise you will not regret it!

📚 Guide
- read

Are you a cat parent who stays in a high rise (apartments & condos) and/or landed house and are worried about the what ifs? Whether your new family member is a kitten or a more experienced cat, it's likely that you will ultimately wrestle with what may initially seem to be a difficult decision: 

Should I allow my cat outside or keep her indoors? What are the advantages of my cat being inside? What dangers exist if I let my cat outside? Can cats stay indoors all the time? What benefits or downsides come with living indoors? Is it appropriate to let a kitten outside? How to train a cat to stay indoors? How to keep my indoor cat entertained?

For the novice and even seasoned cat owners, the decision of whether to allow your cat outside or keep inside might be a crucial one. The merits of wet vs. dry food, selecting the best litter for your cat (as well as the most effective for your family), or even just if and when to draw the line about letting your cat sleep in your bed at night tend to pale in comparison to the cat lifespan indoor vs outdoor debate, as you may have already noticed if you share or have shared your life and home with one or more feline friends.

There is no need to panic, though.

These questions don't have to be difficult to answer with a little planning and consideration.

What Risks Arise When You Allow Your Cat Outside?

One of the biggest dangers to your cat outside is cars. Although cars can startle and hurt a cat on a calm country road, busy roadways are particularly deadly. Additionally, cats run the risk of hiding under a car's bonnet.

Your cat could also stray too far and become lost. For this reason, it is best to stay away from giving your furry kid a collar to reduce the possibility of strangulation. 

Other creatures like foxes, dogs, and especially other potentially hostile rival cats are also a threat to your cat, depending on where you live.

Cats who live outside are far more likely to become ill, particularly through fighting with other cats. Feline parvovirus, feline FIV, eye infection, abscesses, upper respiratory infections, and potentially FLUTD, are a few examples of common dangerous diseases in cats. 

A hazard is also posed by toxic compounds like rat poison, antifreeze, or slug pellets. Some typical garden flowers and plants, such lilies and poinsettias, are poisonous to cats.

Your cat might also become stuck in a shed or garage making it harder for your cat to go home and causing stress for both cat parents and their little furry ones. 

Your cat is also more likely to come into contact with common parasites like fleas, ticks and worms outside too passing it to other pets or family members in the house.

Given all of these potential outcomes, it is preferable to keep your cats inside for a longer cat lifespan. However, doing so does come with certain challenges, including the possibility of despair, frustration, not wanting to eat, and lethargic behavior if the environment isn't stimulating enough. 

With these in mind, it can be costly to regularly visit vets or pay for expensive treatments. Therefore, you should consider getting pet insurance for a peace of mind.

So, how does one keep their indoor cats entertained?

Firstly, you can take a few simple steps to create a friendly, safe, and interesting environment for your cat. Most of these are reasonably priced and easy to DIY and have indoor cat activities with your furry kids. Over time, they will considerably improve the quality of life for your indoor cat.

Suggestions For Improving Your Cat's Indoor Setting

By placing both vertical and horizontal scratching posts in various locations throughout the home, you can make sure that your cat has a place to satisfy her innate want to scratch. Install a cat tree so your pet has somewhere to climb.

Make an effort to make eating more stimulating. Puzzle feeders will help your cat think more clearly, kill boredom, and get a little more exercise.


Create perches on window sills so your cat may enjoy seeing what's happening outdoors. But bear in mind that if she has to put up with another cat peering in from outside, she might also feel stressed. Verify that all window screens are solid and free of holes. Teach the family to gently close outdoor doors.

Create a cat-friendly indoor planter garden that your cat can explore by removing any possibly hazardous indoor plants. 


Play as often as you can with your cat. There are many entertaining cat toys available, or have fun building your own.


Cat beds
sold in Malaysia are a great way to ramp up your cat’s indoor setting too! They sleep most of the time, so it’s good to keep them comfy at all times. Check out our 2022 recommended list of cat things to buy this year!

Tips On Lowering The Risks When Your Adult Cats Are Outside

Make sure your cat is up to date on its vaccines. A pet insurance will be beneficial for any cat parents out there who are constantly looking out for their furry kids.

This includes regular flea, tick, ear mites, and worm treatments. For a 101-cat vaccination guide in Malaysia, click here.

Obtain a cat microchip
. A permanent kind of identification is a microchip. If your favorite pet has a microchip, it will be much simpler to locate her if she ever gets lost or wanders too far from home.

Your cat should be neutered
. This ought to prevent her from straying too far.

Looking for best vets in Malaysia? Here are a few locations to check out!
2022 Best Vet - Kuching Sarawak

2022 Best Vets - Miri, Sarawak

2022 Best Vets - Ipoh
 

If you do live close to a road or a landed property, try to avoid opening the doors and windows wide open during periods of heavy traffic or rush hour.

For landed properties, remove any potentially harmful chemical products from the garden, and ask your neighbors if they may be using any. Make sure your landscape doesn't contain any harmful plants that your cat might consume whenever feasible, especially if they are bored. If you want to give your cat access to the outdoors without letting her venture too far, think about building a cat-friendly garden enclosure.

Tips for Cat Parents On How To Handle Your Kitten Outside SAFELY

If you own a cat for the first time, fret not! You can refer to a guide here or if you would like to get to know more about kittens and how to take care of them, you may also refer to this blog right here: How To Take Care Of Kittens Without Their Mum.

Keep infectious diseases away from your kitten (very important!). After your kitten has finished her initial round of immunizations, flea and worm treatment, do not allow her to go outside for at least a week.

Before allowing your kitten to go outside, get her microchipped.

Make sure you have cleared the garden of any sharp or poisonous objects that your kitten might step on or eat.

When your cat goes outside for the first time, pick a peaceful time. Verify that no construction is taking place close by. A young kitten can be startled by loud noises.

Never, not even for a minute, leave a young kitten unattended outside. Your cat is helpless to defend herself against attacks by other animals. Take your kitten outside with you, let her play for a short while, then bring her back inside. Keep a constant eye on your kitten and keep in mind that it might move quickly, especially if it's terrified.

When taking your cat outside, whenever feasible, let your close neighbors know. When you meet them, keep an eye on your kitten if they have a dog.

Heard Of Outdoor Supervisions For Cats, But Unsure What To Do? Here Are Some Suggestions To Help You Out

By feeding your cat exclusively at that time each day, you can teach her to return there.

Give your cat access to the interior of the house or a secure area close to the house so she may flee if a cat or dog is pursuing her.

By blowing the whistle each time you feed or reward your cat, you can teach them to respond to it. (Take caution; if your cat hears the whistle, she might run across the street. If you don't sure the whistle is safe, don't use it.)

Your cat should always wear a collar and ID tag, as well as a microchip, whether it is inside or outside. The ideal collars are "quick-release" collars that is made with elastic materials to prevent your cat from becoming entangled in branches or other items thanks to these.

Bottom line

Now that you have a general understanding of why choosing an indoor lifestyle could be best for your cat, the suggested tips above are here to help you make a better informed decision that will be beneficial in the long run for both your cat and you.

Keep in mind that this is a very personal choice that is directly influenced by your particular home setting, your cat's personality, and his or her past. As long as you pay great attention to addressing all of their physical, psychological, and emotional needs and take the appropriate precautions to keep them safe and occupied during the different stages of their life, indoor cats can be content and healthier with a longer lifespan.

By acknowledging why we should obtain a valid pet insurance in Malaysia, will offer you a peace of mind in terms of money and expenditure as well as the safety of your furry kids. 

For more 101 guides on pet health, you may click http://oyen.my/blog

📚 Guide
- read

Water is as essential to a cat's survival as it is to humans. Water accounts for 60 to 70% of their overall weight. Despite the fact that it is beneficial for them, many cats dislike drinking water, particularly if it is still or standing water. This aversion to water might result in a dehydrated cat. 
You might also be wondering, why is my cat not drinking out of its water bowl? Well, cats are notoriously picky about everything. From their food, toys, their pawrents, litter boxes, and even their water bowl. Some of the cats stick their tongue out to catch water dripping from a loose faucet or even drinking from out of the toilet bowl. It simply refuses to go anywhere near its own water bowl. 
Your furbabies might not drink from its water bowl because of how still the water in it looks. Not only do cats have poor depth perception which makes it difficult for them to see where the water in the water bowl actually starts, but they are also instinctively wary of still water. This instinct is a remnant of their ancestral DNA wherein cats in the wild typically associate still water with stagnant water which isn’t always safe to drink.
This is why you need to invest in a cat water fountain! Cat water fountains are designed with a pump that continuously recirculates the water to keep it fresh and aerated. In today’s article, we will be sharing the best cat water fountain that you can get for your feline friend. 

Top 5 Best Cat Water Fountain

1. Petkit Eversweet Wireless Smart Pet Water Fountain

Petkit's sophisticated line of accessories is ideal for the urban pet parent, including ingenious technology to make life easier - and happier.
The Eversweet Drinking Fountain is a sleek and sophisticated water dish for your pet that filters water through three distinct media to ensure your pet always has debris- and heavy metal-free source of water. It also regulates the frequency of water welling based on the time of day. The ultra-quiet operation also reduces the sound of dripping water, while water scarcity and filter replacement alerts let you know when your water supply is full and fresh.

Highlights:

  • Smart light sensor
  • 4-step filtration
  • Easy-fill inner bucket
  • Filter change light indicator
  • 5V ultra-silent pump for quiet operation
  • Energy saving

The updated filter in the new and improved Version 2 design allows for double the volume of filter materials for even clearer water. Water flows in a W-shaped 360-degree rotation within the fountain to provide consistent and full filtration for completely filtered, amazing-tasting water.

Price: RM290
Rating: 5 star / 22 ratings
Where to buy: Shopee

2. Catit Stainless Stell Flower Fountain

This cat water fountain is not only cute, but it also promises to keep the water clean while luring cats to drink it. While not entirely comprised of ultra-clean stainless steel, the product's plastic components are BPA-free. This is the largest water fountain we discovered. An energy-efficient pump will maintain the triple-action water filter removing contaminants from the water.

Highlights:

  • Allows for three different water flow settings for finicky drinkers.
  • The Flower Fountain, unlike bowls, provides only fresh water on top of a compact 3 L (100 fl oz) reservoir
  • BPA-Free Material
  • Water softening filter and a tiny energy-efficient pump are included
  • Low power usage

Price: RM53 - RM144
Rating: 5 star / 1,200 ratings
Where to buy: Shopee

3. Petlibro Capsule Water Fountain

Like we mentioned previously, cats love running water. The capsule water fountain by Petlibro makes it easier for both cats and pawrents! Capsule water fountain contains ion exchange resin and coconut shell activated carbon with a bigger size filter. It helps to purify water to keep your pet safe from urinary diseases. The capsule's 2.1L container is large enough to keep refills to a minimum, and its translucent cover makes it easy to see when it's time to refill.

Highlights: 

  • 2 drinking modes - tall and short
  • Worry-free refill
  • 5-level filtration system
  • Silent mode

Price: Start from RM151.02
Rating: 5 star / 585 ratings
Where to buy: Petlibro Official Website

4. NPET Cat Water Fountain

NPET is a new company that focuses on high-quality pet items and is dedicated to creating a better life for your dogs while also making your family happy. The 2021 NPET WF050 pet water fountain includes two alternative water flow settings - Faucet Waterfall Mode and Fountain Mode - to accommodate your dogs' diverse tastes. The cat water fountain pump is extremely silent and consumes very little power. 1.5 L of water capacity is ideal for your furry babies! 

Highlights: 

  • The pump is 50% quieter and consumes 50% less energy 
  • Transparent Design: Real-time monitoring of leftover water and water quality ensures that your dogs may drink safely.
  • Washable and recyclable replacement filter of high quality. It is advised that the filter be replaced every two months.

Price: RM71.50
Rating: 5 star / 571 ratings
Where to buy: Shopee

5. Feidash 3L Cat Water Fountain

The 3 L water volume is ideal for you when you are having a number of cats. There is no need to replace water often, allowing you to leave your cats alone for a few days. Round shape design, which your cats will not be hurt. With a totally transparent and visible water tank, it is simple to determine when to clean and change the water. So that your pet may drink clean and healthy water at all times. Easy to install and clear component structure. 

Highlights:

  • Large Volume with 3L Capacity 
  • Safe Power Saving Mute
  • Potable Set comes with a full set water dispenser and 1 filter 

Water Fountain in Physical Local Stores

Are you on a tight budget? Worry not, many local stores provide pet water fountains as low as RM49! You can also get your cat water fountain in these local stores–
Click on them to get to know their locations: 

Urinary Stones in Cat

Hydration is the physiological condition of balanced electrolytes, minerals, and fluids inside the body, and it is critical to maintaining this equilibrium. Water is essential because it has an impact on everything from organ function and nutrition delivery to circulation and digestion. It also helps the kidneys clear out impurities and reduces the incidence of urinary stones.  If dehydration is left untreated in your cat, the condition can lead to other severe medical concerns. 
Some signs of dehydration in cats include:

  • Loss of energy
  • Panting
  • Refusal to eat
  • Sunken eyes
  • Tacky and dry gums. 

Cats with relatively few stones in their urinary tract normally show no symptoms. Larger stones in the lower urinary system, on the other hand, may obstruct urination or irritate the urethral lining. These issues can lead to the inability to pee, blood in the urine, and sluggish or painful urination.
Urinary stone issues happen as often as 1 in 3 cats. Hence, it is very vital to keep them hydrated. 

Conclusion

We feel you. As cat pawrents, we want only the best care our cats can get from vitamins to grooming, even if it took us so much effort. Investing in a good-quality cat water fountain ensures your cat is hydrated and healthy. We hope this list has helped you navigate through choosing the right water fountain for your feline friends.
Extend the care by getting them Oyen Pet Insurance. Did you know we cover 90 percent of your vet bills up to RM8,000? Take an insurance eligibility quiz for your pet here and have your next veterinary visit on us!  

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